Overview

University of Tokyo professor Ken Sakamura advocated the TRON project in 1984. The µITRON specification is one of the real-time operating system specifications standardized in the ITRON project established as a subproject of the TRON project.

The µITRON specification is now a de facto standard in the Japanese embedded industry.

Renesas Electronics Corp. has been participating in the TRON project since the project was established. [HI series OS] is a realtime operating system for the Renesas H8/SuperH microcomputers which is compliant with uITRON specifications.

  • TRON Forum holds the copyright on the μITRON Specification.
  • TRON, ITRON, and μITRON do not refer to any specific product or products.
  • The activities of TRON Association have been handed over to TRON Forum.

Supported CPU Cores

SH-4, SH-4A
*MMU (Memory Management Unit) is not supported.

 

Release Information

Latest Ver.: V.2.03 Release 00

Released: Nov 01, 2011

Details of upgrade (See Tool News)

Operating Environment

Agreement Details

Features

  • Conforms to industry standard μITRON 4.0 specifications
    • HI series OS conforms to the µITRON 4.0 specifications, and is the dedicated real-time OS for Renesas SuperH microcomputers.
  • Real-time performance
    • The latest HI7750/4 realizes a fast task switching* of 1.1microseconds.
      *Time it takes a target task to be activated after a wup_tsk is issued. (SH7750@200MHz, at the time of cache hit)
  • Superb functionality
    • Supports more than 100 service calls, such as the dynamic task generation system call. They support various applications.
  • Configurator
    • In the specifications of the HI7750/4 series of µITRON4.0, a configurator is equipped which makes the setup of OS construction parameters easier.

Screen Image : Configurator

 

  • Debugging Extension (option)
    • The Debugging Extension is an optional software which extends the multi-task functionality in High-performance Embedded Workshop, and can be downloaded for free from the website.
    • The following functionalities are offered by the Debugging Extension.
      • Shows the object status of tasks and semaphores managed by OS
      • Issues the service calls for task activation and event flag setting etc.
      • Displays the service call history
      • Graphically-displayed service call history

Screen Image : Debugging Extension

 

  • Cooperation with 3rd parties
    • We provide various solutions to deliver great environments for debugger/application software development, distribution of middleware, customization, and hardware platforms etc. in conjunction with our partner vendors.

  

Functions

The HI7750/4 kernel consists of the following modules. Each module is provided by functions (service calls) .

 

  • Scheduler
    Manages execution sequence of multiple tasks based on their priority levels.
  • Task management
    Manages task status such as RUNNING, READY, WAITING or SUSPENDED.
  • Task-dependent synchronization
    Changes task status from other task, and synchronizes tasks.
  • Interrupt processing
    Returns from an interrupt handler.
  • Time management
    Sets system timer used by HI7750/4 kernel and starts user-defined alarm handler, cyclic handler and overrun handler.
  • System State Management
    Reports information such as version number of HI7750/4 kernel.
  • Synchronization/communication
    Carries out synchronization and communication between tasks. The following function modules are available:
    • Event flag
      Tasks are synchronized by the status of flags managed by the kernel.
    • Semaphore
      Tasks are synchronized by the semaphore counter value managed by the kernel.
    • Mail box
      Tasks are synchronized by sending or receiving a message.
    • Data queue
      Tasks are synchronized by communicating 4-byte data.
  • Extended Synchronization/Communication
    Carries out synchronization and communication between tasks. The following function modules are available:
    • Message buffer
      Makes use of variable-length data communication to synchronize tasks.
    • Mutex
      Makes use of priority ceiling protocol for avoiding priority inversion to synchronize tasks.
  • Memory pool management
    Dynamically allocates/frees memory area used by tasks. Enables efficient use of memory.
  • Task exception
    Controls execution of task exceptions by, for example, defining or activating a task exception.
  • Cyclic handler function
    Controls the execution of a handler activated periodically.
  • Alarm handler function
    Controls the execution of a handler activated at the specified relative-time.
  • Overrun handler function
    Controls the execution of a handler activated when the specified time has been exceeded.
  • Extended service call function
    Renesas original functions are following:
    • Task event flags
      Makes use of task event flag state to synchronize tasks.
    • Cache support function
      Initialize cache, clear cache, and flush cache etc.

  

  

Specifications

Specifications/Functions: ・Supports the follwing functions including uITRON4.0 spec-compliant standard profile.
 ・Service calls for dynamic object creation(cre_???, acre_???) and deletion(del_???)
 ・Mutex (TA_CEIL attribute only)
 ・Message buffer
 ・Variable-length memory pool
 ・Alarm handler
 ・Over handler
・The following are the Renesas-specific functions
 ・Task-attached event flag
 ・Cache support function
Scheduling types: Priority basis type / Event-driven type
Target CPU: SH-4, SH-4A
*MMU is not supported.
Service call number: 152
(Count xxx_yyy plus ixxx_yyy as one)
Maximum object number: 1023 (Only the cycle handler and the alarm handler have 15 each)
A maximum value can be selected with the configurator
Maximum priority number: 255, A maximum value can be selected with the configurator
Application operating mode: All application programs are operated in priviledged mode
Performance 0.45 microseconds (SH7785, 600MHz, cache enabled)
(Time takes for a target task to be executed after the wup_tas is issued.):
Kernel code size: From 7.5K bytes to 46K bytes
Kernel RAM usage per task: Data:64 bytes
Stack: 196 bytes

  

Components

Provided items Explanation Note
Kernel source program Kernel source program Provided only with mass- production licenses which include source code.
Kernel library ・Kernel library for system building
・Cache support library
Compliant with big/little endian
Standard header files ・ITRON specification common definition files
・Kernel specification definition files
・Other definition files
Header files are provided both in Assembler and C languages
Configurator To configure a construction parameter -
Various sample programs ・CPU initialization routine assembler source
・CPU initialization routine C source
・Exception enter/exit processing assembler source
・Section initialization processing C source
・Section information definition file
・Undefined interrupt detailed information acquisition process source
・System down routine source
・Timer driver source
-
Workspace for construction ・HEW workspace for system building
・Project file for separate linkage
・Project file for whole linkage
  -
Manual HI7000/4 series user's manual -

  

Processing Flow

Information supporting development tools

Title Description
My Renesas Create a My Renesas account to use our tool download services,
receive e-newsletter/update notifications, and take advantage of our other services.
e-learning Information for studying and learning about microcontrollers and microprocessors.
FAQ Frequently asked questions and useful hints for development.
Forum A forum and community site to share technical information,
questions and opinions with others who use Renesas MCU's.
Tool News Tool release information and other important information.
Operating Environment Information on system requirements and operating environment for the latest
version of tools.
Info on Discontinued Products A list of Renesas software and tools that have been discontinued and
are no longer being offered for new projects.