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Smoke Detector

Smoke Detector

Overview

Across the most of the world’s regulations now require smoke detectors to be installed in homes, schools, public and commercial buildings. In addition to sounding an audible alarm when a fire breaks out, smoke detectors must also communicate an alarm notification to a remote control location, such as the local fire station. To detect smoke an LED inside the smoke sensor illuminates and measures the current corresponding to the amount of light output by a light receiving sensor. The current is converted to a voltage by an op-amp, and the voltage is read using an A/D converter. The LED inside the sensor illuminates at regular intervals controlled by a timer in order to reduce the power consumption by sampling the smoke volume intermittently.

Renesas’ RL78/I1D and RL78/G12, G13, G14 integrate on-chip the peripheral functions necessary for use in smoke detector design, making it possible to reduce the overall product size. Low-voltage operation contributes to extended battery life, which is essential for detectors that must operate over extended periods of time.

System Block Diagram

Recommended Products

Block Semiconductor device Recommended products Features, etc.
Main controller MCU RL78/I1D Operational amplifiers, 12-bit A/D converter and window comparators, very low power operation
RL78/G12, G13, G14 32 MHz, 16-bit general purpose, True low power
78K0/Kx2-L 20-pin, low power consumption
H8/38602R Group 32-pin, low power consumption
EEPROM R1EX24xxx Series I 2 C bus interface *1
R1EX25xxx Series SPI bus interface *2
Op-amp. HA1630xxx Series CMOS low power consumption, small package, low voltage operation
μPC358GR Bi-polar single power, low power consumption, small pakage
Sensor Analog front end Smart Analog IC300 Low voltage configurable amplifier
Configurable amplifier: 3 channels
Operating voltage: 2.2 to 3.6 V (low-voltage product)
Smart Analog IC500 Configurable amplifier
Configurable amplifier: 3 channels
Operating voltage: 3.0 to 5.5 V
MCU peripheral Reset IC RNA519xx Series Variable detection voltage

*1 I 2 C: Inter-Integrated Circuit
*2 SPI: Serial Peripheral Interface

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M3S-S2-Tiny sound playback system *-

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