Solution for Capacitive Touch Development

All-In-One Microcontroller and Easy-to-Use Evaluation Kit Maximizes Development Efficiency

The usability and quality of a human machine interface (HMI), the medium through which a human interacts with a machine, has a large influence on product value. The adoption of touch keys in the HMI of embedded devices is rapidly expanding. Capacitive touch technology can provide an intuitive user interface, allowing features such as an overlay to be manipulated with the touch of a finger or a quantity to be selected with a swipe motion. Renesas offers several solutions that help in the development of touch systems.

The adoption of capacitive touch sensing technology is expanding rapidly. Elegant, smooth and intuitive interface designs with no uneven surfaces have become the natural choice for end users. Touch sensor interfaces are also easy to wipe clean, so they have become popular in home appliances/white goods and healthcare devices. Furthermore, they have been the subject of increasing attention for their high resistance to environmental factors because the electrodes are situated underneath a resin overlay and not exposed, thus preventing moisture and dust from entering the system, and for their long usage lifetime because of lack of mechanical weardown of moving parts. As a result, the adoption of capacitive touch sensing technology in industrial equipment used in buildings and factories is also rapidly increasing. The growth of this market is expected to accelerate (Figure 1).

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The Use of Capacitive Touch Technology in Embedded Devices is Accelerating

Figure 1. The Use of Capacitive Touch Technology in Embedded Devices is Accelerating

Features of Renesas' Second-Generation Capacitive Touch Sensing Technology

High-Touch Sensitivity and High Noise Immunity! Supports Both Self and Mutual-Capacitance Methods

In order to support the vast variety of design, material and overlay shape demands, changes in capacitance need to be detected with high sensitivity. Renesas has succeeded in vastly improving sensitivity and noise immunity by developing a circuit for converting electrostatic capacitance into current and amplifying and digitizing this value. This solution has almost zero effect from noise.

The conventional recommended thickness for an acrylic overlay is 2 millimeters (mm) or less. However, the Renesas second-generation capacitive touch technology can sense the proximity of a fingertip even when using a 10mm thick acrylic panel, and passes the strict electromagnetic noise testing stipulated in the IEC 61000-4-3/4-6 level 3 standards. The technology also allows touch panels to be operated even when the user is wearing gloves or proximity sensing where there is no actual touch. Touch can be detected even if there is a small layer of air between the overlay and the electrode.

The technology also supports the mutual-capacitance method, which prevents erroneous detection when the surface is wet. By supporting both self and mutual-capacitance touch sensing methods, the Renesas capacitive touch sensor solution allows the developer to build a highly quality user interface that provides a better end-user experience.

Capacitive Touch Sensing Methods

Self-Capacitance Detection

A touch button detects the change in electrostatic capacitance produced between an electrode and a human body (fingertip). Conventional touch sensor systems use the self-capacitance detection method. In this method, the electrostatic capacitance between a single electrode and a fingertip is detected and used to determine whether a touch event is recognized. There is only a single electrode, so the structure is simple (Figure 2).

The circuit containing the electrode has a fixed electrostatic capacitance (parasitic capacitance) between the electrode and the ground. When a fingertip is in close proximity to the electrode, new electrostatic capacitance is produced. In the self-capacitance method, this additional electrostatic capacitance is detected and is used to determine whether a touch has occurred.

In this method, the electric capacitance also increases if liquid comes in contact with the operating surface. Thus, accurate detection is difficult if the surface is wet.

Mutual-Capacitance Detection

In the mutual-capacitance method, a transmission node and a reception node are used to generate an electromagnetic field, and changes in the electromagnetic field between these nodes are detected (Figure 3). With this method, liquid that comes into contact with the operating surface has almost no effect on the electromagnetic field. Thus, this method can be used even in environments where the operating surface is likely to get wet. In addition, in a self-capacitive touch sensor system where electrodes are arranged in a matrix (grid), a false ghost detection occurs if two or more points are touched at the same time. A mutual-capacitive touch sensor system does not have this issue. Thus, a mutual-capacitive system uses a small number of pins to configure many electrodes, and supports multi-touch behavior and more sophisticated operations than simple on (touch) and off (not touching).

In the mutual-capacitance method, a pulse is applied to the transmission node to generate an electromagnetic field between it and the reception node. When a fingertip comes into close proximity, part of the electromagnetic field moves to the fingertip, and the strength of the electromagnetic field detected by the reception node decreases. The electrostatic capacitance also decreases. This drop in capacitance is detected and captured, and recognized as a fingertip being in close proximity.

The mutual-capacitance method requires two electrodes to generate an electromagnetic field, so designing using this method is more complex than designing using the self-capacitance method.

Figure 2. Self-Capacitance Detection Method

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Self-Capacitance Detection Method

Figure 3. Mutual-Capacitance Detection Method

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Mutual-Capacitance Detection Method

 

QE for Capacitive Touch Development Tool

QE for Capacitive Touch makes it easy to adjust the sensitivity of the touch buttons that are necessary for embedded system development that uses capacitive touch technology, shortening time to market. This tool supports the RX Family of 32-bit microcontrollers.

Product Functions & Features

  • Easily incorporate touch button drivers into a program via a graphical user interface (GUI)
  • Easily adjust touch buttons in sequence using workflows
  • Graphical display of touch interface configuration enables easy visualization
  • Even a large number of touch buttons can be automatically tuned quickly, improving development efficiency
  • Apply program modifications with the push of a single button
  • Monitoring function makes it easy to check and fine tune touch button operation
  • e2 studio integrated development environment integration* allows all work to be done from e2 studio

 

*QE for Capacitive Touch is a plug-in for e2 studio. The plug-in must be downloaded from the website and installed.

QE for Capacitive Touch

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QE for Capacitive Touch Main/Sensor Tuner View

Main/Sensor Tuner View

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QE for Capacitive Touch Board Monitor View

Board Monitor View

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QE for Capacitive Touch Status Chart View

Status Chart View

Workbench6 Touch Evaluation Tool

Workbench6 is the integrated development environment (IDE) used with Renesas RX 32-bit microcontrollers (MCUs) for capacitive touch applications. This IDE allows for easy adjustments with a wizard format, simple operations using an intuitive user interface, and automatically adjusted source code as outputs. Using the Workbench6 automatic calibration tool with Renesas touch key MCUs makes it possible to use a graphical user interface (GUI) to adjust the sensitivity and other settings easily.

Workbench6 Software

文档和下载

文档标题 其他语言 类型 文档格式 文件大小 日期
使用指南与说明
Workbench6 V1.07.00 User's Manual 日本語 手册 PDF 9.07 MB
应用指南 &白皮书
RX Family QE Touch Module Using Firmware Integration Technology 日本語 应用文档 PDF 1.00 MB
- RX Family QE CTSU Module Using Firmware Integration Technology 日本語 应用文档 PDF 777 KB
- RX Family QE Touch Module Using Firmware Integration Technology 日本語 应用文档 PDF 1.00 MB
RX Family Using QE and FIT to Develop Capacitive Touch Applications 日本語 应用文档 PDF 1.28 MB
CTSU Noise immunity improving with Dual frequencies noise canceling process 日本語 应用文档 PDF 566 KB
RX Family CTSU Capacitive Touch Electrode Design Reference 日本語 应用文档 PDF 3.59 MB
Capacitive Touch Sensor Correction for Accuracy Enhancement 日本語 应用文档 PDF 1.33 MB
RX113群 CTSU互电容方式的触摸测量 English, 日本語 应用文档 PDF 1.34 MB
RX113群 CTSU自电容方式的触摸测量 English, 日本語 应用文档 PDF 1.41 MB
RX113群 CTSU API参考指南 English, 日本語 应用文档 PDF 592 KB
RX113群 CTSU互电容触摸键设计指南 English, 日本語 应用文档 PDF 699 KB
RX113群 CTSU静电电容式触摸检测基础 English, 日本語 应用文档 PDF 2.33 MB
Downloads
- RX Family QE Touch Module Using Firmware Integration Technology Application Note 日本語 Sample Code ZIP 35.37 MB
RX Family QE CTSU Module Using Firmware Integration Technology Application Note 日本語 Sample Code ZIP 7.79 MB
RX Family QE Touch Module Using Firmware Integration Technology Application Note 日本語 Sample Code ZIP 35.37 MB
其他
Workbench6 Software (Ver.1.07.00.00) 日本語 Software & Tools - Others ZIP 202.37 MB
瑞萨电子电容式触摸按键解决方案 English, 日本語 手册 PDF 5.91 MB

Boards & Kits

器件号 文档标题 类型 公司
RTK0EG0003S02001BJ Capacitive Touch Evaluation System for RX130 入门
Y-RX113CAPT01 Capacitive Touch Kit RX113 开发
R0K5RX231D000BR RX231 HMI Solution Kit 评估

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