The ISL78171 is a 6-channel, 50mA, LED driver capable of very high dynamic range dimming. It offers an integrated boost converter, six high precision, adjustable current sinks and a SMBus/I2C interface for digital programmability and extensive diagnostics. These features provide the ISL78171 with the capabilities to design a compact, highly versatile LED backlight for a wide variety of ambient lighting conditions. The integrated peak current mode PWM boost converter operates with a constant frequency and can boost an input voltage range of 4. 5V - 26. 5V to an output up to 40V and supply six strings of LEDs with up to 50mA each. A dynamic headroom control circuit detects and regulates the highest voltage string to improve efficiency in multistring configurations. The six high precision adjustable current sinks offer typical current matching better than ±1% and a dimming ratio capable of exceeding 60, 000:1. The dimming ratio can be adjusted with either or both the I2C/SMBus and an external PWM signal. They also feature an optional channel phase shift control which helps to reduce the input and output capacitance and ripple, to improve efficiency and to prevent audible noise. The SMBus/I2C interface offers a wide range of programmability that includes the boost FET slew rate control, individual string enabling, and converter switching frequency selections. It offers a wide range of protection features and diagnostics that cover all perceivable faults, enabling the system to self-diagnose the functioning of the backlight and react to such conditions as failed LEDs. The ISL78171 is offered in a compact and thermally efficient 20 Ld QFN package with an ambient temperature range of -40°C to +105°C.
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