ISL85403

2.5A Regulator with Integrated High-Side MOSFET for Synchronous Buck or Boost Buck Converter

Product Status: Mass Production

OVERVIEW

The ISL85403 is a 40V, 2.5A synchronous buck or boost-buck controller with an integrated high-side MOSFET and low-side driver. In Buck mode, the ISL85403 supports a wide input range of 3V to 40V. In Boost-Buck mode, the input range can be extended down to 2.5V and output regulation can be maintained when VIN drops below VOUT, enabling sensitive electronics to remain on in low input voltage conditions.

The ISL85403 has a flexible selection of Forced PWM mode and PFM mode. In PFM mode, the quiescent input current is as low as 180µA (AUXVCC connected to VOUT). The load boundary between PFM and PWM can be programmed to cover wide applications.

The low-side driver can either be used to drive an external low-side MOSFET for a synchronous buck or left unused for a standard non-synchronous buck. The low-side driver can also be used to drive a boost converter as a preregulator followed by a buck controlled by the same IC, which greatly expands the operating input voltage range down to 2.5V or lower.

ISL85403 offers robust current protection. It uses peak current mode control with cycle-by-cycle current limiting. It is implemented with frequency foldback under current limit condition; also, the hiccup overcurrent mode ensures reliable operations under harsh short conditions.

The ISL85403 has comprehensive protections against various faults including overvoltage and over-temperature protection.

KEY FEATURES

    • Buck mode: input voltage range 3V to 40V
    • Boost mode expands operating input voltage lower than 2.5V
    • Selectable Forced PWM mode or PFM mode
    • 300µA IC quiescent current (PFM, no load); 180µA input quiescent current (PFM, no load, VOUT tied to AUXVCC)
    • Less than 5µA (MAX) shutdown input current (IC disabled)
    • Operational topologies
      • Synchronous buck
      • Non-synchronous buck
      • Two-stage boost buck
      • Non-inverting single inductor buck boost
    • Programmable frequency from 200kHz to 2.2MHz and frequency synchronization capability
    • ±1% tight voltage regulation accuracy
    • Reliable overcurrent protection
      • Temperature compensated current sense
      • Cycle-by-cycle current limiting with frequency foldback
      • Hiccup mode for worst case short condition
    • 20 Ld 4x4 QFN package
    • Pb-free (RoHS compliant)

BLOCK DIAGRAM

 Block Diagram

PARAMETRICS

Parameters
ISL85403
Basic Information
Production Status
Mass Production
iSim Model
YES
Topology
Buck or Boost
# of Outputs
1
Input Voltage Min (V)
3
Input Voltage Max (V)
40
Output Voltage Min (V)
0.8
Output Voltage Max (V)
36
Output Current Max (A)
2.5
IQ
300 µA
Switching Freq. (max) (MHz)
2.2
Switching Freq. (min) (MHz)
0.2
Max Duty Cycle (%)
-
Qualification Level
Standard
Peak Efficiency (%)
96
POR
Yes
SYNCH Capability
Yes
Control Type
Current Mode
Switching Frequency Range (MHz)
0.2 to 2.2MHz
Can Sample
YES
Temperature Range
-40 to +105

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